English PK Hand-note; Unit-6 Speaking skills - Proshikkhon

English PK Hand-note; Unit-6 Speaking skills

Q. Write definitions of controlled guided and free speaking with examples? Write down at least 4 differences between controlled and free writing activities?


Controlled speaking:

Repetition drills is an example of controlled speaking activities. In repetition drills students imitate what the teacher says. Repetition drills can be carried out with the whole class or smaller groups of students. The teacher monitors if students are performing the repetition drills correctly with correct pronunciation and with correct intonation. For example: Teacher: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Students: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh.

Guided speaking:

A model dialogue is an example of guided speaking activities. A model dialogue is a conversation between two or more people in a narrative work. Here students can choose the topic based on their interests. Teacher gives an example of a model dialogue and asks students to paraphrase with their own words. Teacher guides the group if needed. For example-

Rahat      : Hi, Rafa !

Rafa       : Hi, Rahat !

Rahat     : Are you going to join the music club ?

Rafa      : I would love to! But I am not sure if I can join the music club ?

Rahat     : why ?

Rafa      : I have joined the sports club this term. And I will not be able to join both clubs at the same time.

Rahat      : ok, then ! wish you best of luck !

Rafa        : same to you !

Free speaking:

Group discussion is an example of free speaking activities. A group discussion judges the personality of a person, assesses a person’s leadership skills, problem – solving skills and presence of mind. Here teacher gives a topic or ask students  to choose one from a list of topics to discuss on. Students start discussing on a particular topic and teacher pays attention on students performance,take notes for individuals and pays attention to the students body language. A at end of the discussion teacher provides feedback to individuals.

Four differences between controlled and free writing activities are given below:

Controlled writingFree writing
Students have a lot of support with the language.Students have less support with the language.
The language is controlled by the teacher. Students have little or no choice.Some language may be controlled by the teacher. Students have some or a lot of choice over the language that they use.
The focus of the activity is on the accuracy of the use of the language. Mistakes should be corrected.The focus of the activity is on fluency, creativity and the message of the text.
Teacher can predict response of the students they will be able to produce and can understand what.Teacher can predict response of the students and can understand what that they will be able to produce.

Q. Do you think speaking skill is important? Why?


Learning a language involves acquiring four main language skills. Among those four speaking skills is in the second position. In case of learning English, the speaking skill is important for various reasons. Some of these are:

  • To communicate with others: if anybody wants to express his/her feeling, thinking, emotion, problem, needs, he needs to speaks to others.
  • To exchange views and ideas: it is necessary to speak to exchange own views   and ideas to others.
  • To get a good job: person who have a command in spoken English can easily manage a good job.
  • For higher study:  students who go for higher studies   either inside or outside the country need to speak fluently in English
  • For communicating with foreigners: most of the time foreign business partner prefer to sit for a discussion in spite of regular correspondence. So, for smooth running of business speaking skill is important.
  • For phone calls to other countries: Now a day’s communication through phone calls is an essential part in all the fields of life. For effective communication speaking is important.
  • For travelling to other countries: While travelling in foreign countries, English speaking is must.

Q. Write about different speaking activities that you have done during school placement. How have you supported your students to develop speaking skill at that time?


Some activities for the teachers to teach English speaking in the primary classroom are given below:

  1. Teacher speaks and all the students respond
  2. Teacher speaks and one student responds.
  3. One student speaks to another student, the second student responds. The rest of the class listens.
  4. Students speak together in pairs.
  5. Students speak together in small groups.

How I have supported my students to develop speaking skill:

  1. Repeating new words and phrases.
  2. Joining with the students to participate in rhymes, songs and stories and encourage students to repeat key words and phrases.
  3. Students can read some words and phrases aloud.
  4. Memory game (I went to market and brought….)
  5. Guessing game for example, asking questions to guess an animal that you are thinking of.
  6. Find someone whom the students can ask questions about different topics.
  7. Students pretend to be different people and act out scenes. For example, one student can be a shopkeeper and another can be a customer.

Q.  What are the problems that Bangladeshi students face in speaking English? As a teacher how can you help to overcome these problems?


There are many problems that Bangladeshi students face in speaking English:

  1. Most of the students do not get language-based environment.
  2. Most of the time they do not get proper partner.
  3. They cannot easily remove inertia of their mind.
  4. The students are not motivated duly.
  5. Want of suitable teaching materials.
  6. Most of the students cannot use vocabulary properly.
  7. They lack confidence while speaking.

There are various ways of overcoming these problems. The following are some of the techniques that have been found There are various ways of useful:

  1. Picture interpretation: In picture interpretation, a picture may be put up on the wall and the teacher may ask several students one after another to tell the class what they can find in the picture.
  2. Improvisation: By improvisation we can hear or read instantaneous dramatization of a story. In this kind of work some characters are decided and allotted there.
  3. Hat discussion: Hat discussion is a sort of extempore speech making. A number of subjects are written on short slips of paper and these are put inside a hat.
  4. Oral question and answer group drill: The teacher may divide the class into two groups and direct one group to ask questions and another to answer.
  5. Oral question and answer chain drill: It is a method of asking question front to back. In this case, A ask B and B answers, B ask C and C answers, C ask D and D answers and so on.
  6. Exchanging personal information: This technique should be used in pairs. The teacher gives the form of personal information. The students exchange their real information but they have to follow the instruction.
  7. Oral repetition: In oral repetition practice the teacher presents a sentence and the students repeat it after him unless they learn it.

Q. Write down the importance of speaking skills?


Some of the importance of speaking skills are as follows:

  1. To speak with foreigners.
  2. To participate in the interview.
  3. English is used in the corporate offices.
  4. For a good job in a foreign country.
  5. To be confident before others.
  6. To reply to someone speaking English.
  7. Good speaking improves other skills also.
  8. To explain anything clearly in English.
  9. To hold a good position in the work place /society.
  10. For travelling aboard comfortably.

Q. What are the productive skills?


Both speaking and writing skills are called productive skills because they help to transfer information, reflect views, beliefs and thoughts to communicate.

Q. As a teacher how can you motivate your students to speak in English?


As a teacher I can motivate my students to speak in English in the following way:

  1. Telling the main goal of speaking English in their real life.
  2. Telling the importance of speaking in the global world.
  3. Giving and interesting interactive level-based activity to perform in the classroom.

Q.  What do you mean by whole class work?


When all the students work together on the same activity and pay attention to the person who is talking in open class, then we call this whole class work. This used for presentation and giving instructions to the class. For example, Eliciting, giving instruction, explanation, moving the lesson forward i.e. the teacher is going to start the next stages of the lesson establishing basic understanding of the input.

Q. Why do students need to learn stress and syllable?


Pronunciation is not just about sounds. Speakers of English also give stress on certain syllable in words and certain words in sentence. This means they emphasize on the syllable or the word.

Q. How can teachers assess students speaking skill? Write two ways.

Ans: Speaking means saying or telling or mentioning something to someone. After listening, the learners can acquire the ability of English. There are various ways of assessing students speaking skill. Two of them are mentioned below:

  1. Showing picture: By showing picture it can be done. A picture may be put up on the wall. Then the teacher may ask several students one after another to tell what they find in the picture.
  2. Telling somebody: The teacher may give the form of personal information.

Q. What are the sub-skills of speaking?


Both accuracy and fluency are the sub-skills of speaking. Accuracy means to be correct in terms of different language points e.g., grammatical forms, rules, pronunciation etc. Fluency means to speak or write smoothly to achieve accuracy in a target language.

Q. What do you mean by small group work?


When students are divided into groups or pair and work on the same or different activities is known as small group work. In small groups the teacher can take part, monitor or remain apart. It increases co-operation among the students and sharing of ideas through active participation. Example: discussion, question and answer, poster making, information gap, role play, ranking etc.

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