English PK Hand-note; Unit-4 Lesson Plan - Proshikkhon

English PK Hand-note; Unit-4 Lesson Plan

Q. What is lesson plan? Why is a lesson plan important for teacher?


A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson. It’s also a guide for facilitating a lesson. Here, a teacher must plan what they want to teach students, why a topic is being covered and decide how to deliver a lecture. Learning objectives, learning activities and assessments are all included in a lesson plan.

Lesson plan is important because it is effective significant components of the teaching learning process. Good lesson planning for a class will keep teacher organized and on track while teaching on. It also helps students to attain the objectives of lesson more easily. It is a step-by-step guide that provides a structure for an essential learning. Before planning a lesson it is essential to classify the learning outcomes for the class. Lesson plan also help the teacher in maintaining a standard teaching pattern and does not let the class deviate from the topic. The better prepared the teacher in planning a lesson the more likely he/she will be able manage the class well.

Q. What are the basic components of an effective lesson plan? Discuss some components of a lesson plan?


An effective lesson plan has three basic components. Such as aim and objective of the course, teaching and learning activities and assessments to check student understanding of the topic.

There are six main components   of any successful lesson plan. These six components are given below:

Objectives: The lesson’s objectives must be clearly defined. Write what you expect your student will do by the end of the lesson. e.g. by the end of the lesson students will be able to pronounce, identify, put words, answer, use, match etc. on any verbs can be observable and measurable in the classroom.

Warm-up: Revise the previous lesson, check homework orally correct common mistakes etc.

Presentation: Present the new material using the suitable techniques, write the procedures that you will follow to explain the new material.

Practice: It is the work done by the students whether it is controlled, guided or free. Students answer some exercises based on the material presented. These exercises are often there on the set book.

Assessment: Write some sentences on the board or distribute printed papers to see whether the objectives were achieved or not and to check whether student learn or not according to the objectives.

Timing: Length of the time needed for each stage.

Q. How do lesson plans help you as a teacher?


A lesson plan is an outline before a particular lesson which I prepare before taking the class. A lesson plan contains what will be taught, how it will be taught and with what it will be taught. Good teaching is the result of planning. Without planning, a teacher cannot teach well. A lesson plan helps me in the following ways.

  • It increases my knowledge because, I have to study a lot make a standard lesson plan.
  • It helps me to finish the class smoothly and successfully.
  • It saves my time in the class as I don’t have to think or recall anything.
  • It helps me to complete the class systematically.
  • If I forget any important thing about the lesson, the lesson plan reminds me of that.
  • A lesson plan helps me to select suitable teaching aids for my class.
  • It gives me the opportunity to select suitable teaching techniques.
  • It helps me to accomplish my class-activities without facing any unexpected situations.

Q. Why is lesson plan important for a teacher?


A lesson plan is an outline before a particular lesson which the teacher prepares before taking the lesson. A lesson plan contains what will be taught, how it will be taught and with what it will be taught. Good teaching is the result of planning. Without planning, a teacher cannot teach well. So, planning is important.

The importance of a lesson plan are discussed below :

  • Increase knowledge: The necessity of preparing a lesson note bounds the teacher to study on his subject. He has to study the text, teacher’s guide and other reference books e.g. dictionary. He may even need to consult with his colleague “So one learns while one teaches.”
  • It reminds forgotten points: A lesson note reminds the teacher the points which he forgets during the class period.
  • It saves time: The teacher can finish his lesson in time if give the class according to well-organized lesson plan.
  • Selection of teaching aids: It helps the teacher to select suitable teaching aids for the desired effect of the lesson.
  • System: A lesson plan helps the teacher to give the class systematically.
  • Aim and objectives: A lesson plan helps to fulfill the aim and objectives of the lesson.
  • Supplementary activities: The teacher can understand which supplementary activities are suitable for a particular lesson.
  • Specific techniques: At the time of preparing the lesson plan, the teacher includes necessary teaching techniques to teach the students.
  • Possible problems: The teacher can identify the possible problem that might arise during the class and the teacher can prepare himself to cope up with the problems

In conclusion, we can say that lesson plan is important for the teacher to introduce effective teaching.

Q. What is micro-teaching? Mention the advantages of Micro-Teaching.


The word “Micro Teaching” is broadly used in different professional training specially C.in.Ed, B.Ed. and M.Ed courses. The word “Micro” is derived from a Greek word “Mikros” and its meaning is very small.

Different educationist defines micro teaching in different ways. Some noted definition are as follows:

  • Mc Knight says, “Micro teaching is a seated down teaching encounter designed to develop new skills and refine old ones.
  • According to Allen and Eve, “Micro Teaching is a system of controlled practice that makes to concentrate on specific teaching behavior to practice teaching under controlled condition.

Advantages of Micro Teaching:

  • It is an important self-teaching technique.
  • More efficiency can be achieved within a short time.
  • As its area is small, so it is very easy to justify merits and defects of the lesson.
  • The teacher becomes self-confident.
  • It is a method of trail and errors.
  • Observation is possible.
  • The learners may be more benefited.

Q. What are the advantages of lesson plan? Write some guideline of making an effective lesson plan?


Lesson plan is a significant element of teaching learning system.

Advantage of lesson plan:

  • It helps in achieving goals and objectives.
  • It helps to get rid of problem or avoid them.
  • It improves the habit and attitude of the students.
  • It gives a reality check of everyday performance.
  • It improves the teaching skills.
  • It makes teaching ordinary and easy.
  • It makes the teacher organized during teaching.
  • It develops self confidence in the teacher

Some guidelines are given below:

  • Identify the learning objectives.
  • Plan the specific learning activities.
  • Plan to assess student understanding.
  • Plan to sequence the lesson in an engaging and meaningful manner.
  • Create a realistic timeline.
  • Plan for a lesson closure.

Q. How does input and practice help students to complete task successfully?


The basis of the lesson is presented in the input and the students practice to learn it. in the practice level and in the task stage. They are mainly asked to express their creative faculty on some specific point. So the learning of the input and the practice level help the students to complete the task successfully.

Q. What are the stages of an IPT linked lesson planning? What is the role of each part?


The IPT linked lesson planning has three different but clear stages.

INPUT (or presentation) stage:

In this stage the teacher provides the text, model language or vocabulary to the students.


The students will do different types of activities (controlled, guided and freer) either with the help of their classmates or teachers for better understanding of the input.

TASK stage:

In this stage students get the opportunity to perform activities which could be writing, discussion or making something in order to use their new knowledge and language they have learnt in the previous stages and also the previous lessons or classes.

Q. How does micro-teaching help in the development of teaching skills?


Micro-teaching help teachers to better understand the processes of teaching and learning and provides the opportunity to learn teaching skills, to study their own teaching, and to study the teaching of others. The trainee teacher’s micro-lesson is reviewed, discussed, analyzed, and evaluated to give a feedback.


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