English PK Hand-note; Unit-3 Learning Style and Effective Teaching - Proshikkhon

English PK Hand-note; Unit-3 Learning Style and Effective Teaching

Unit-03: Learning Style and Effective Teaching

Broad Questions:

Q. What do you mean by language acquisition and language learning? Describe the differences between language acquisition and language learning.

Answer:

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive an d comprehend language (in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it) as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. Language learning is also a process which helps a learner to acquire language cither through formal learning situation or a self study programme. Hence, language learning is an integral port of all languages. People generally learn their own language (mother language) through listening and speaking first. Than they learn reading and writing. This is the common order of language acquisition and learning, Differences between language acquisition and language learning are described as follow.

Language learninglanguage Acquisition
1. It is an artificial process1. It is an natural process
2. It is the traditional way of teaching language to students2. A child learns the language in this process
3. Here achievement depends on conceives learning of rules and grammar of the target language 3. Here achievement depends on situational use of the target language

Q. Describe how children learn their first language or mother tongue?

Answer:

Here are some statements about has children learn their frits language on mother tongue (Bangla)

1. Children spend a long time only listening to Bangla (up to a year). They begin speaking Bangla by making sounds, then saying words, when putting words together to make sentences. They learn to read and write much later.

2. Children hear Bangla around them all the time (at home, on TV, in the street)

3. Children are very motivated to learn Bangla. They need things they want information, and they word to be friends with people.

4. Parents don’t usually teach grammar to their children. Children work out the rules slowly as they learn the language. Children imitate but they are very creative too.

Q. What do you mean by CLT? Describe the aims and objectives of CLT in the classroom?

Answer:

CLT is an approach to language teaching methodology that emphasizes authenticity, interaction student-centered learning, task-based activities and communication for the real world, meaningful purpose. Communicative language teaching can be understood as a set of principles about the goals of language teaching, how learners learn a language, the kinds of classroom activities that best facilitate learning and the roles of teachers and learners in the classroom.

The communicate approach aims at developing procedures for the teaching of the four skills that acknowledge the interdependence of language and communication. It aims to make students communicatively competent. It has some basic objectives to improve communication skills. Some of the objectives of communicative language teaching are given below.

  •  It improves communicative proficiency of all the skills including reading, writing, listening and speaking.
  •  It focuses on the grammatical, discourse, functional sociolinguistic of communicative competence.
  •  It engages the learners in the pragmatic and functional use of language.
  •  It enhances the productivity of the language in scientific ways.
  •  It usually appreciates the learners to engage in linguistic interaction with real-life objectives.
  •  Fluency is the first priority rather than accuracy. 

Q. Describe the classroom activities, teacher’s roles and students roles in CLT?

Answer:

Here classroom activities, teacher’s and student’s roles in CLT are described as follows:

Classroom activities in CLT:

  • The learners interact with other people through pain and group work.
  • Students are encouraged to concentrate on communication.
  • Reading and writing may short on the first day.
  • The teaching methods must be learner-centered.
  •  Students should be engaged in several activates so that they can be able to generate new ideas.

Teachers roles in CLT:

Teachers play a very significant role in CLT. However, the teacher’s roles in CLT are given below:

  • Teachers remain in the classroom as a facilitator to be done in the communication process among all the participants. They also encourage learners to join various activities.
  • As a professor, a teacher answers the questions of the students and also cares about their performances and activities.
  • The teachers also play the role of communication in the learning process. He or she also cooperates with the learning-teaching group.

Students role in CLT: Students also need to play some roles in CLT. There are given in the below:

  • Learners have to create some groups among themselves for their learning purpose and taking core of how they are able to perform in the classroom.
  • The students must cooperate and support each other in the group to complete their all task assigned by the responsible teacher.
  • The students should be more interactive and create an interactive environment in the classroom for making the learning more case and attractive.

Q. What is classroom management? What are the general techniques for managing a class? Write down some examples of classroom language for classroom management.

Answer:

Classroom management means some techniques that are used for creating a joyful environment to make the teaching and learning process meaningful.

The teacher needs to follow general techniques for managing a class-

  1. The teacher should stand up at the time to talking about an activity.
  2. He/She must not comment when students are working.
  3. He/She should not be afraid or anxious of silence and noise.
  4. He/She must use group/pair work method so that students can get more opportunity to talk.
  5. He/She will admit his/her ignorance.
  6. He/She will  consult with his colleagues.
  7. He/She will encourage peer confection method.
  8. He/She will mention their activates.
  9. He/She will praise them for their positive efforts.
  10.  He/She will motivate the learners who are do motivated.

Some examples of classroom language for classroom management are given below:

Quiet please, Stop talking/playing, She! Don’t do that, please, stop that, don’t be silly, Give that to me please.

Q. Explain the benefits of using rhymes and songs in English class.

Answer:

One advantage of using rhymes/songs in the young learner classroom is their flexibility. Rhymes/songs can be used for a number of purposes and there are many reasons why rhyme can be considered a valuable pedagogical tool. But perhaps the greatest benefit to using rhymes and songs in the foreign language classroom is that they can be fun. Pleasure for its own sake is an important part of learning any foreign language, something which is often overlooked by us. Besides rhymes and songs can add interest to the classroom routing and potentially improve the students motivation. Benefits of rhymes/songs as pedagogical tools can be analyzed under the following headings:

Listening skills, speaking skills, vocabulary practice sentence structures and sentence patterns.

  • Regarding the listening skills, students can become bored by repeatedly listening to a narration or dialogue as they attempt to understand the meaning of new words or phrases in context. In control, listening to a rhyme/song can also help to improve the listening skills because they provide students with practices listening to different forms of information and rhythm
  • As for the speaking skills, children are other can to learn how to make new sounds and this can take a great deal of practice. Rhymes/songs can allow young children to practice a new sound without producing some level of boredom.

Q. How can you use games in language learning? Make a list of the games you can think of.

Answer:

Using games for language learning is very vital for the students. As a teacher, I am always conscious about using various kinds of games in the class for language learning. Firstly I can make all the students attentive in my class. I can make pair or groups among the students. There are several games which can be conducted individually. I can be prepared to collect and preserve teaching materials for language learning.

For the primary language learning classes, I can select the following games.

1. Pen game  

2. Picture Game

3. Preposition Game

4. Making sentence game                    

5. Cross word game                                 

6. Word cross game                             

7. Bingo game

8. Guessing game

9. Rubbing game in pair

10. Mime game

11. Possessives game, etc.

Short Question:

Q. What is language learning?

Answer:

Language learning is a conscious process. Language learning is also a process which helps a learner to acquire language either through formal learning situation on a self-study programme. Hence language learning is an integral part of all language.

Q. What is language acquisition?

Answer:

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

Q. What is communicative language teaching?

Answer:

Communicative language teaching in an approach which helps children to learn English. In another hand, CLT is a realistic method of language teaching by which children learn a language in a communication way. 

Q. What are the differences between ESL and EFL?

Answer:

An ESL classroom is one in which English is the primary notional language. On the other hand, the EFL classroom is one in which English is not the native language. ESL is typically the term used in the united states and English-speaking nations where EFL is more often the term of choice in European countries.

Q. Why do the teacher need to use more and more English in the classroom?

Answer:

It is known to all that in our schools English is taught as second language. Every second language can be acquired by dint of dealing through base environment learning English properly. So, considering the real situation the teachers need to use more and more English in the classroom for our learners.

Q. Write down some guidelines for using songs/rhymes in the classroom.

Answer:

Some guidelines of using songs/rhymes in the classroom are described below:

  1. Carefully examine what it is you want your class to learn in the lesson.

2. Think about the language level of your class.

3. Think about how old are your learners.

4. Are there any specific cultural issues regarding the make-up of your class?

5. What kind of access do you have to the song?

6. Miss out rhyming words: encourage children to finish the line.

7. Clap along and establish a steady beat. Say the wrong words and let your children correct you!

Q. How you can play the game “Complete the picture” ?

Answer:

I can play the game “Complete the picture” in the following ways:

(a) The teacher draws part of a picture on the board. The children copy it. The teacher tells the children how to finish the picture. For example – “Put a cat near the tree”

(b) The children work in pairs, one giving instructions to the other by rotation.

Q. Write some English phrases that you can use in the classroom?

Answer:

Here are some English that I can use in the classroom:

  1. You say the words,
  2. Let’s play a game.
  3. Get into groups, please!
  4. Five students, here!
  5. Excellent! That’s very good!
  6. Listen and say the words.
  7. Let’s sing a song are you ready.
  8. Sing slowly! sing quickly!

Q. What do you mean by input?

Answer:

Input is something given to the learners by the teacher which is the basis of a lesson. It may be written or spoken. It can be any part of a lesson unit, a picture, text, chart, diagram, map or an idea of the teacher not taken from the textbook. It is closely reacted to the learning outcomes of the lesson because all practice is base on it. It is usually used to give information’s related to learning outcomes.

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Comments (1)

Thanks sir 👍

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