ইংরেজি (পিকে) Archives - Proshikkhon

Category "ইংরেজি (পিকে)"

23Sep2021

Q. Write definitions of controlled guided and free speaking with examples? Write down at least 4 differences between controlled and free writing activities?

Answer:

Controlled speaking:

Repetition drills is an example of controlled speaking activities. In repetition drills students imitate what the teacher says. Repetition drills can be carried out with the whole class or smaller groups of students. The teacher monitors if students are performing the repetition drills correctly with correct pronunciation and with correct intonation. For example: Teacher: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh. Students: Dhaka is the capital of Bangladesh.

Guided speaking:

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22Sep2021

Q. Why is listening skill important? as a teacher how will you develop your students listening skill?

Answer:

Students need to hear new words and phrases before they can say them. This will help them to pronounce the word correctly and also to remember them. Most children enjoy stories so they can be motivating.

The language is often difficult but children can follow storylines if they have pictures too. when the students listen to the Language over and over again, they easily understand it and can soon learn to say language themselves. This language is also very meaningful. Audio recordings Help students listen to different Voices and accents. They prepare then for listening to English in the future.

When teachers use English in the classroom for all purposes and not just as a subject they turn the classroom into an English environment. Students can see that English is used to communicate and not just to study. Most children enjoy songs and rhymes. Many songs and rhymes repeat to same sentence or words. When students Use English as much as possible, students have more listening and speaking practice. if students can listen to the texts as they read them, it will help them to learn how words are pronounced. It also helps the students to develop reading skills.

Q. What are the principles of listening skills?

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7Aug2021

Q. What is lesson plan? Why is a lesson plan important for teacher?

Answer:

A lesson plan is a teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson. It’s also a guide for facilitating a lesson. Here, a teacher must plan what they want to teach students, why a topic is being covered and decide how to deliver a lecture. Learning objectives, learning activities and assessments are all included in a lesson plan.

Lesson plan is important because it is effective significant components of the teaching learning process. Good lesson planning for a class will keep teacher organized and on track while teaching on. It also helps students to attain the objectives of lesson more easily. It is a step-by-step guide that provides a structure for an essential learning. Before planning a lesson it is essential to classify the learning outcomes for the class. Lesson plan also help the teacher in maintaining a standard teaching pattern and does not let the class deviate from the topic. The better prepared the teacher in planning a lesson the more likely he/she will be able manage the class well.

Q. What are the basic components of an effective lesson plan? Discuss some components of a lesson plan?

Answer:

An effective lesson plan has three basic components. Such as aim and objective of the course, teaching and learning activities and assessments to check student understanding of the topic.

There are six main components   of any successful lesson plan. These six components are given below:

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25Dec2020

Unit-03: Learning Style and Effective Teaching

Broad Questions:

Q. What do you mean by language acquisition and language learning? Describe the differences between language acquisition and language learning.

Answer:

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive an d comprehend language (in other words, gain the ability to be aware of language and to understand it) as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate. Language learning is also a process which helps a learner to acquire language cither through formal learning situation or a self study programme. Hence, language learning is an integral port of all languages. People generally learn their own language (mother language) through listening and speaking first. Than they learn reading and writing. This is the common order of language acquisition and learning, Differences between language acquisition and language learning are described as follow.

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25Dec2020

Unit-02: Primary English Curriculum

Board Question.

Q. What is curriculum?  Write down the main objectives of the English Primary Curriculum for Bangladesh.

Answer :

Mean of Curriculum:

The term curriculum means the sets of aims and specific objectives to be achieved by learners.; the knowledge, understanding, skills and attitudes learners must develop; possible strategies and activities for successful teaching, learning and evaluation processes for assessing students’ performance. These various components are are guided by certain principles which recognize the importance of providing a balance between the needs and interests of individuals and requirements of society and economy.

The main objectives of the English Primary Curriculum:

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25Dec2020

Unit-01: English is an international language

Lesson-1 : English: Bangladesh and Global Context

Broad Question:

Q.  Do you think English is a global language? Argue your opinion.

Or, Explain ‘‘English is an international language’’

Answer:

English is a global language and international language. English is the most frequently used language for communication with people from different countries. When we consider English as a means of communication, it can be addressed by different names such as international language, global language, and lingua franca.  Each name has different features. In defining an international language, Smith (1976) contends that a language which is used to communicate with people from different nations is called an international language. McKay (2003) notes that in global sense of EIL, the primary function of English language is to ‘enable speakers to share with others their ideas and culture’. Jenkins (2012) defines EFL as a means of communication as a common language of choice, among speakers who come from different linguacultural (language and cultural) circumstances.

To be a global language, a language needs to achieve a global status. According to David Crystal (2003), when English is a global language, it can be given official status of a country, to be used as a medium of communication in such domains as government, the law courts, the media, and the education system. In addition, a language can be made a priority in a country‘s foreign language teaching, even though this language may have no official status.  

Today 1.75 billion people speak English at a useful level (Neeley, 2012). Among them there are 400 million native speakers (Crystal, 2003, p.67), 600 million speak English as a second language, and 600 million speak English as a foreign language. More than 80% of communication in English is held between non-native speakers of English (Crystal, 2003). Similarly, Graddol (2006) projects that in the next 10–15 years, the number of English speakers is likely to reach a peak of around 2 billion. In view of the above discussion, it can be undoubtedly said that English as a global language and English as an international language is widely respected throughout the world.

Q. Why should we learn English?

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